|Title||How Copper Nanowires Grow and How To Control Their Properties|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Ye, S, Stewart, IE, Chen, Z, Li, B, Rathmell, AR, Wiley, BJ|
|Journal||Accounts of Chemical Research|
Scalable, solution-phase nanostructure synthesis has the promise to produce a wide variety of nanomaterials with novel properties at a cost that is low enough for these materials to be used to solve problems. For example, solution-synthesized metal nanowires are now being used to make low cost, flexible transparent electrodes in touch screens, organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), and solar cells. There has been a tremendous increase in the number of solution-phase syntheses that enable control over the assembly of atoms into nanowires in the last 15 years, but proposed mechanisms for nanowire formation are usually qualitative, and for many syntheses there is little consensus as to how nanowires form. It is often not clear what species is adding to a nanowire growing in solution or what mechanistic step limits its rate of growth. A deeper understanding of nanowire growth is important for efficiently directing the development of nanowire synthesis toward producing a wide variety of nanostructure morphologies for structure–property studies or producing precisely defined nanostructures for a specific application.